Public welfare, Gender and health care



Child Labour

Uganda has over 2 million child workers aged from 5 to 17 years. Child labour comes in many forms, it can be visible or invisible. Many children work at dump sites, cut stones, work in small factories, porters in construction sites and hawkers. Parents send out their children to go for begging on the streets mostly in Kampala and other urban centers. Others work as prostitutes or domestic slaves including ractices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage, serfdom, forced or compulsory labour, procuring or offering of a child for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances. Poverty often leads to child labour, parents regard their children as additional sources of income and wealth. War, migration and discrimination against minorities also lead to child labour therefore a common belief is that child labour is 'normal'.


Some of the working children work at their employer's premises or "sites", whereas some work in plantations, crop farming or doing unskilled manual labour. Many of the working children are engaged in domestic duties. Girls are more likely to engage in domestic work than boys. Some children beg, wash cars, scavenge, work in the commercial sex industry, in restuarants, and sell small items on the streets. Other hazardous activities include construction (particularly brick baking), sand and gold mining work are carried out and they are likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children. Child Labour Report released by the Uganda Bureau of Statistic (UBOS 2017) reveals that 17% of the entire population of 11.5 million children in Uganda are engaged in labour. This exploits and violets the rights of children they are forced out of school to work in order to supplement income of their families hence being denied the opportunity to acquire necessary knowledge and skills. Child labour is mentally, physically, socially and morally harmful to children. It interferes with children's school attendance. Children in rural areas and more so the orphans are engaged in child labour more than their urban counterparts.


The difficulty of tasks and harsh working conditions create a number of problems to the children such as premature ageing, malnutrition, depression, drug dependency etc. From disadvantaged backgrounds, minority groups, or abducted from their families, these children have no protection. Their employers do whatever necessary to make them completely invisible and are thus able to exercise an absolute control over them. These children work in degrading conditions, undermining all the principles and fundamental rights based in human nature. Additionally, a child who works will not be able to have a normal education and will be doomed to become an illiterate adult, having no possibility to grow in his or her professional and social life.


Our interventions

GRONET is ensuring the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour. We aim at advocating legal reform, education, social protection, access to health services and the data collection to support the vulnerable children. Through partnerships with other key stakeholders, we mount a sustained effort to accelerate child labour reduction across regions.
We strategize to fight child labour by:

  • Providing medical care and reducing risky working conditions;
  • Raising awareness among local communities on the common disastrous consequences of dangerous and poorly paid work, the importance of health care and the need for education for the child;
  • Educating parents to prevent the next generation from ending up in the vicious circle of poverty;
  • Enabling as many children as possible to attend school;
  • Lobbying in Government bodies to counter child exploitation and to put child rights on the agenda.


Children that are victim of exploitation need protetcion. Together we provide shelter, care and education to these marginalized children